Wednesday, 8 July 2015

Adhik Maas

What is Adhik Maas?

The solar year consists of 365 days and 06 hours approx. whereas the lunar year is of 354 days. Thus, the gap between solar and the lunar year is of around 11 days. The gap increases to approximate 1 month in three Lunar years. Hence, to balance the gap between solar and lunar calendar an extra month comes after every third year. It is termed as Adhik Maas or Mal mass or Purshotam Mass.

The word 'adhik' means an extra (extraordinary, more, excess).
The Adhik or Mal Maas is the only time when the Sun does not move into a new sign. This is a unique phenomenon observed during the Adhik Maas. In this reference the concept of Adhika Maas is unique to the traditional Hindu lunar calendars.

In 2015 the duration of Adhik Maas is from 17th June to 16th July.

Significance of Adhik Mass
Every individual has a spiritual entity that comprises up of 5 Bhootas - the air, water, earth, fire, and ether. These are manifested in the forms of the intellect- mind- ego- senses and the soul. One requires meditation to unite one's physical entity with that of the spiritual entity.

Purushottam means a man who is imbibed with all best qualities and this month is devoted to self-development, evaluation, assessment, reflection, retrospection and Introspection. It is a time for the purification of one’s mind, body and soul.
It is a time for one's own soul and spirit to complete all pending work, detoxify the body that remains pending since last three years.
It is month to regain once strength in physical, mental, emotional and spiritual terms. Hence, the month got its name Purshottam Mass.

During Adhik mass naam japa, charity, Bhagavat katha and yagya is done by sadhak to gains Physical strength, mental balance, firmness of thought and actions, calmness and spiritual satisfaction.
The main significance of Adhik Maas is associated with spiritual enlightenment and deliverance from earthly sins.

It is written in the Devi Bhagavat that charitable and meritorious acts and fastings etc. carried out during this Mal Maas (Adhik Maas), inevitably produce results. Just as atomic sized contents within a seed produce a giant and long living Banyan tree, so in the same manner even a little charitable act done during Mal Maas (Adhik Maas) produces big results.
The Puranas also sing high praises about Adhik Maas and indicate Puja, readings of scriptures etc. during Adhik Maas.
Selfless actions, without the expectations of results, are to be performed during Adhik Maas.
In addition to singing and listening to the praises of the Lord (Vishnu), undertake Adhik Maas Vrat also. This Vrat is to begin from the first day and ends on the last day of Adhik Maas. June 17, 2015 to July 16, 2015 as per North Indian Calendar.

If there is a temple nearby then perform puja of whatever deities are usually worshipped therein.
During the entire month of Mal Maas Vrat eat Sattvic food (vegetarian meals, milk, fruits, nuts, grains, vegetables).

It is written in the Bhavishyottar Purana that Sri Krishna Himself has said regarding Adhik Maas Vrat that by carrying out the Vrat with the sole aim of worshipping God, through fasting, cleanliness, charity, puja etc. merits are acquired which produce unfailing results and all sorts of calamities are overcome.
These acts of spirituality bring ample of religious merit and bring transformation for the better in individuals.
It is believed that this month holds a special place in the Hindu religion and, therefore, rectifying planetary effects during this month give positive results 10 times better than performed during any other month.

As per Hindu scriptures
All the main Hindu months have a deity attached to them, but no one agreed to be the governing God of Mal Maas or the extra ‘unclean’ (Mal Maas) month).
Rishi-Munis calculated and facilitated Adhik Maas to balance solar and lunar years.
Lord Vishnu was then approached and decided to assign Adhik Maas to himself. Hence, Lord Vishnu is Lord of this month That is why it is known as the Purushottam Maas.

Further stories from the Legends
As per legends, once Demon Hiranyakashipu had asked for a boon from lord Brahma that no man, animal, sura or asura should cause death to him; further he asked that he should not meet his death in any of the 12 months of the year, in the morning or at night, not inside the house nor outside it, neither by any weapon nor by any object. Bestowed with the boon, Demon Hiranyakashipu thought he had become immortal.
Later Demon Hiranyakashipu meet death at hands of Lord Narasimha who ripped his chest with the claws taking the form of half Lion and Half man , during Adhik Mass around sunset and at the threshold of the palace (neither inside nor outside).

Therefore, during Adhik Maas no auspicious festive activity such as annaprashan, naamkaran, grah pravesh, marriage, etc. are performed. This is because the strength of the effects of the Navgrahas is quite strong during this time. Hence, the month got its name as Mal Maas.

Only naam japa, charity and Bhagavat katha, yagya is done.

For indepth details go to…/chanting-vishnu-mantras-for-ove…



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